Israel and the Palestinian territories have been locked in a stalemate since the 1967 Six Day War.
The two sides have been at war since 1976, but have never officially declared a ceasefire.
A new report by Israel’s Channel 2 News, which focuses on the conflict’s aftermath, has found that the Israeli army has carried out at least 5,000 killings of Palestinians since it took control of the West Bank and Gaza Strip in the early 2000s.
The number of Palestinians killed by Israeli forces was “a staggering and unprecedented figure,” the report said, adding that the number of Israeli soldiers killed in combat is currently “much higher.”
The report, which is the first of its kind, also said that more than 10,000 Palestinians have been arrested for alleged offenses against Israeli security forces since Israel took control over the West Wall in April of last year.
The new data comes as the Palestinian Authority (PA) is facing renewed criticism for the number and scope of its crackdowns on protests and dissent.
The PA, which holds the West and East Bank and has been in power since 2007, has imposed restrictions on the movement of Palestinians from the West bank, Gaza and the East Jerusalem enclave to protest the ongoing Israeli occupation of the territories.
The PA’s chief negotiator, Saeb Erekat, told Al Jazeera in an interview on Tuesday that the numbers released by Channel 2 were “an indication of the escalation in the Israeli occupation”.
Erekat said the PA was “not just interested in protecting its security forces”, but also the “Palestinian people”.
“We will not allow ourselves to be manipulated by anyone,” he said.